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    本書是根據教育部對電路與電子技術類課程的基本要求而編寫的,可作為電路基礎理論、模擬電路和數字電路課程的配套實驗教材。全書共有71個實驗,分成五個???,即電路實驗、數字電路實驗、模擬電路實驗、綜合性設計實驗以及仿真實例。本書主要介紹電工電路課程和電子技術課程中的基本實驗內容、仿真和測試方法,同時介紹常用的電工和電子實驗儀器的使用方法,內容由淺入深,有利于培養學生的實踐動手能力,提高學生分析問題和解決問題的能力。

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  1. 本書從系統角度對受電弓、受電弓與接觸網的相互作用(包括幾何特性、動態性能、材料接口及電接觸特性)等方面的內容進行了全面介紹,使讀者能夠了解和掌握受電弓與接觸網相互作用的基礎理論,并能將其應用于受電弓與接觸網系統的設計、施工、運行維護方案制訂及參數選取過程。本書既可以作為高等學校電氣化鐵道及城市軌道交通牽引供電相關專業研究生、本科生及專科生的教學用書,也可供從事電氣化鐵道、城市軌道交通牽引供電及受電弓相關專業工作的技術人員參考。...查看更多
  2. Critical?Technology?Series?of?Traction?Power?Supply?System?of?Dedicated?PassengerLine?is?the?fi?rst?work?of?China?that?studies?the?traction?power?supply?systems?ofhigh-speed?railways?from?the?aspect?of?a?macrosystem.?It?marks?the?transition?ofour?study?on?traction?power?supply?systems?from?an?elementary?level?of?a?simple?study?on?independent?subsystems?to?a?high?level?of?integrated?study?on?the?entire?system.?Beyond?all?doubts,?the?release?of?this?series?is?just?at?the?right?time?for?the?development?of?traction?power?supply?systems?of?high-speed?railways?of?China?at?a?special?stage.
    Electrifi?ed?railways?began?in?China?in?1958.?China?completed?the?process,?which?advanced?countries?took?100?years?to?complete,?by?using?only?over?50?years?through?constant?endeavor,?from?nothing,?from?common?speed?to?high?speed,?and?from?low?load?to?heavy?load.?The?11th?Five-Year?Plan?is?the?stage?when?we?realize?new?leaps?in?railway?technology?innovation?and?enter?the?era?of?highspeed?railways.?The?reasons?for?success?in?high-speed?rail?innovation?are?based?on?original?innovation,?integrated?innovation,?and?innovation?after?introduction,?digestion,?and?absorption.?In?such?a?situation,?Critical?Technology?Series?of?Traction?Power?Supply?System?of?Dedicated?Passenger?Line?is?included?into?the?11th?Five-Year?Plan?of?the?National?Important?Books.
    A?traction?power?supply?system?is?the?power?source?of?an?electric?traction?car,?including?both?stationary?equipment?(traction?substation)?similar?to?the?power?supply?and?a?pantograph?and?contact?line?system?as?the?connection?link?between?stationary?equipment?and?mobile?energy?consumption?equipment?(vehicle).?Traction?power?supply?systems?need?to?be?highly?reliable?and?also?need?to?provide?high-quality?electric?energy.
    Considering?AT?feeding?mode?used?by?traction?power?supply?systems?of?highspeed?railways,?AC–DC–AC?drive?technology?applied?to?EMU?and?mass?and?decentralized?objectives?for?dispatch?by?power?supply?line?relay?protection?principle?and?failure?distance?measurement?principle?of?new?traction?power?supply?systems,?which?need?to?be?updated?constantly.?Functionality?of?automation?systems,?integrated?dispatching?systems,?and?management?information?systems?of?traction?substations?need?to?be?optimized?constantly.
    Pantograph?and?contact?line?systems,?as?electric?energy?transmission?media?of?traction?substations?and?power?traction?units,?should?provide?safe?and?reliable?power?transmission?for?stationary?power?consumption?by?the?auxiliary?facility?of?vehicle,?living?facility,?and?for?mobile?power?consumption?by?the?traction?vehicle.?Besides,?in?the?case?of?a?regenerative?brake?of?vehicle,?pantograph?and?contact?line?systems?should?fulfi?ll?the?backward?feeding.?Interaction?between?a?pantograph?and?a?contact?line?is?dependent?on?many?factors.?The?study?method?separating?pantographs?and?contact?lines?into?two?independent?subsystems?is?no?longer?applicable?to?the?operational?requirement?of?high-speed?railways.
    Pantograph?and?contact?line?systems?are?also?closely?linked?to?design,?construction,?operation,?and?maintenance.
    Quality?of?electric?energy?of?electrifi?ed?railways?is?a?long-standing?problem.?It?shows?up?as?negative?sequence,?reactive?power,?and?harmonics?on?lines?of?AC–DC?electric?locomotives.?On?lines?of?AC–DC–AC?electric?locomotive/EMU,?the?development?of?technology?signifi?cantly?improves?reactive?power?and?harmonic-related?problems.?However,?negative?sequence?becomes?worse?due?to?growth?of?power?of?a?single?electric?locomotive/EMU.?It?is?expected?that?negative?sequence?will?become?the?major?factor?infl?uencing?power?quality?of?electrifi?ed?railways.?Diffi?culty?of?treatment?and?capacity?input?will?also?increase.?It?is?urgent?to?apply?some?innovative?technical?schemes.
    I’m?very?pleased?to?share?that?the?teachers?of?College?of?Electrical?Engineering,?Southwest?Jiaotong?University?have?systematically?summarized?their?achievements?in?research?and?practice?and?provided?this?series?of?books,?Traction?Power?Supply?Automation?for?Dedicated?Passenger?Line?,?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line?System?,?and?Electric?Energy?Quality?Analysis?and?Control?for?Electrifi?ed?Railway?,?covering?the?critical?technical?fi?eld?of?traction?power?supply?systems?of?high-speed?railways.
    The?series?of?books?takes?the?opportunity?to?face?the?challenge?of?the?development?of?traction?power?supply?systems?and?forms?the?concepts?and?achievements?in?compliance?with?the?development?requirements?of?traction?power?supply?systems?of?our?high-speed?railways.?It?not?only?provides?technical?support?for?construction?and?operation?of?our?high-speed?railways,?but?also?theoretical?support?for?cultivating?high-speed?railway?construction?and?management?talents.
    I?fi?rmly?believe?that?Critical?Technology?Series?of?Traction?Power?Supply?System?of?Dedicated?Passenger?Line?will?be?widely?used?and?has?unlimited?development?potential,?both?in?disciplinary?development?or?engineering?application.
    ...查看更多
  1. CHAPTER?1?Introduction1
    11?Overview????1
    12?Origin?and?Development?of?Pantograph?and?OverheadContact?Line?Systems???7
    121?Origin?of?Pantograph?and?Overhead?ContactLine?Systems???7
    122?Development?of?Pantograph?and?OverheadContact?Line?Systems????9
    13?Requirement?and?Specifi?cation?of?Pantographand?Overhead?Contact?Line?Systems20
    131?Geometrical?Requirement??20
    132?Mechanical?Requirement??21
    133?Material?Requirement???22
    134?Electrical?Requirement???23
    135?Environmental?Requirement?23
    136?Operation?and?Maintenance?Requirement????24
    14?Core?Issues?of?Pantograph?and?Overhead?Contact
    Line?Systems?and?the?Framework?of?This?Book24
    Brief?Summary???25
    CHAPTER?2?Pantograph27
    21?Overview???27
    22?Basic?Structure?of?Pantograph???28
    221?Pantograph?Head?29
    222?Frame?32
    223?Base?Frame???35
    224?Drive?System???35
    23?Characteristics?of?Pantographs???37
    231?Electric?Performance????37
    232?Static?Contact?Force????37
    233?Aerodynamic?Force39
    234?Component?of?Dynamic?Contact?Force?41
    235?Contact?Force??43
    236?Average?Uplift?Force????44
    237?Dynamic?Characteristics??46
    24?Main?Test?of?Pantograph?47
    25?Application?and?Development?of?Pantographsin?Chinese?Railways???51
    251?Low-Speed?Stage?51
    252?Middle-Speed?Stage????56
    253?High-Speed?Stage61
    26?Application?of?Pantographs?in?Urban?Rail?Transit66
    Brief?Summary???71
    CHAPTER?3?Geometric?Properties?of?Pantographs?and?Contact?Lines???73
    31?Overview???73
    32?Gauge74
    33?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line?Areas?78
    34?Geometric?Properties?of?Pantographs78
    341?Operating?Range?of?Pantograph????79
    342?Geometric?Profi?le?of?Pantograph?Head?80
    343?Dynamic?Envelope?of?Pantograph???81
    35?Geometric?Properties?of?Overhead?Contact?Lines????82
    351?Lateral?Shift?of?Contact?Wireat?Registration?Point????82
    352?Lateral?Shift?of?Contact?Wire?UnderSide?Wind????85
    353?Height?of?Contact?Wire???99
    354?Slope?of?Contact?Wire???102
    355?Steady?Arm?and?Its?Working?State??103
    356?Tension?Length?and?Overlap107
    357?Contact?Line?Above?Turnout109
    358?Neutral?Section?115
    36?Geometrical?Characteristics?of?Pantographs?and?Contact?Lines?on?Typical?High-Speed?Railways???118
    Brief?Summary???120
    CHAPTER?4?Dynamic?Interaction?Between?Pantograph
    and?Contact?Line?121
    41?Overview???121
    42?Elasticity?and?Nonuniformity?Coeffi?cient?of?Elasticity?of?Contact?Line122
    43?Dynamic?Property?of?Contact?Line?124
    431?Propagation?of?Vibration?Along?Contact?Wire??124
    432?Oscillatory?Differential?Equation
    of?Contact?Wire?127
    433?Fluctuation?Propagation?Speed???130
    434?Wave?Refl?ection?132
    435?Doppler?Coeffi?cient????136
    436?Amplifi?cation?Coeffi?cient??137
    437?Natural?Frequency?of?Catenary?Suspension???138
    438?Dynamic?Property?of?Typical?Contact
    Line?Design???140
    44?Requirement?for?Dynamic?Interaction?Between?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line???141
    441?Uplift?of?Contact?Wire???143
    442?Pantograph?and?Overhead?Contact?Line?Contact?Force??145
    443?Dynamic?Interaction?Between?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line?With?Double?Pantograph???149
    45?Measurement?Requirements?for?Dynamic?Interaction?Between?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line???151
    451?Measurement?Requirements?of?Pantograph?and?Overhead?Contact?Line?Contact?Force???152
    452?Requirements?for?Displacement?Measurement??154
    453?Requirements?for?Arc?Measurement?155
    46?Simulation?Requirement?for?Dynamic?Interaction?Between?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line???157
    461?Purpose?and?Target????157
    462?Pantograph?Model????157
    463?Contact?Line?Model???158
    464?Simulation?Parameters??159
    465?Output159
    466?Verifi?cation?of?Simulation?System??160
    467?Reference?Model161
    Brief?Summary???164
    CHAPTER?5?Material?Interface?of?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line165
    51?Overview???165
    52?Performance?of?Contact?Material?166
    521?Mechanical?Performance?166
    522?Electrical?Performance??170
    523?Thermal?Performance???171
    53?Pantograph?Strip????173
    531?Pure?Metal?Strip173
    532?Powder?Metallurgy?Strip??173
    533?Pure?Carbon?Strip175
    534?Metal-Impregnated?Carbon?Strip???177
    54?Contact?Wire?178
    541?Copper?and?Copper?Alloy?Contact?Wire179
    542?Composite?Contact?Wire?183
    55?Material?Combination?of?Strip?and?Contact?Wire????185
    551?Matching?Between?Strip?and?Contact?Wire???185
    552?Factors?Infl?uencing?Abrasion?of?Contact?Wire??188
    Brief?Summary???190
    CHAPTER?6?Electric?Contact?Properties?of?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line?193
    61?Overview???193
    62?Static?Electric?Contact?Between?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line????194
    621?Properties?of?Static?Electric?Contact?194
    622?Static?Contact?Resistance?195
    623?Factors?Infl?uencing?Static?Contact?Resistance?196
    624?Steady-State?Thermal?Effect?of?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line199
    63?Static?Electric?Contact?Test????200
    631?Test?Process?and?Data??200
    632?Analysis?on?Test?Data???203
    633?Special?Phenomenon?in?Test????207
    634?Calculation?of?Static?Electric?Contact?Parameters???208
    64?Sliding?Electric?Contact?209
    641?Mathematical?Model?of?Transient?Heat?Conduction???210
    642?Pantograph?and?Overhead?Contact?Line?Transient?Heat?Effect?Generated?by?Starting?Current????213
    643?Pantograph?and?Overhead?Contact?Line?Transient?Heat?Effect?Generated?by?Short-Circuit?Current??217

    644?Strip?Heating?During?Current?Collection?by?Pantograph?218
    65?Open–Close?Contact??219
    651?Basic?Properties?of?Arc??219
    652?Cause?of?Electric?Spark?or?Arc?in?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line???221
    653?Thermal?Analysis?of?Arc?Erosion?on?Contact?Wire227
    654?Arc?Phenomenon?of?High-Speed?Pantograph?and?Overhead?Contact?Line?System234
    66?Friction?Abrasion?Mechanism?of?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line????234
    Brief?Summary???237
    CHAPTER?7?Design?and?Construction?of?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line?Systems??239
    71?Overview???239
    72?Basic?Pantograph?Requirements?240
    73?Basic?Requirements?on?Contact?Line????241
    74?System?Design?of?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line????243
    741?System?Parameter?Calculation?for?Contact?Line?244
    742?Simulation?of?Dynamic?Interaction?Between?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line251
    743?Design?Scheme?of?Contact?Line???253
    75?Selection?of?Equipment?and?Parts?of?Contact?Line258
    751?Mast?and?Foundation???258
    752?Support?Device263
    753?Registration?Device????266
    754?Insulator????267
    755?Dropper????268
    756?Electric?Connection????269
    757?Section?Insulator271
    758?Anchor?Device?and?Midpoint?Anchor?272
    76?Construction?Design?for?Contact?Line????275
    761?Line?Data????275
    762?Electric?Sectioning????275
    763?Plane?Layout??279
    764?Description???279
    77?Construction?of?Contact?Lines???280
    771?Construction?Process???280
    772?Construction?Calculation?280
    773?Static?Acceptance?of?Contact?Line?296
    774?Dynamic?Evaluation?of?Pantographs?and?Overhead?Contact?Line?Systems?299
    78?Handover?and?Operation301
    Brief?Summary???302
    CHAPTER?8?Operation?and?Maintenance?of?Pantograph?and?Contact?Line?Systems??305
    81?Overview???305
    82?Operational?Strategy?for?Pantographs?and?Contact?Lines?Covered?by?Ice?306
    83?Swinging?of?Contact?Line?Wire???308
    84?Burn?and?Protection?of?Contact?Line?Wires??310
    85?Corrosion?Property?of?Contact?Line?Material?311
    851?Corrosion?Property?of?Copper?and?Copper?Alloy312
    852?Corrosion?Property?of?Aluminum?and?Aluminum?Alloy????314
    86?Maintenance?of?Pantographs???316
    861?Maintenance??316
    862?Operation?Condition?Monitoring??317
    863?Maintenance?Plan318
    87?Maintenance?of?Contact?Line???318
    871?Technical?Diagnosis????320
    872?Repair325
    Brief?Summary???326
    CHAPTER?9?Parameter?Measurements?of?Pantographs?and?Contact?Line?Systems??329
    91?Overview???329
    92?Measurement?of?Dynamic?Characteristic?Parameters?of?Pantographs????331
    921?Measurement?Frequency?Response?332
    922?Structure?Analysis????333
    923?Line?Operation?Simulation?333
    93?Measurement?of?Spatial?Position?Parameters?of?Contact?Wires????333
    931?Portable?Optical?Measuring?Device??334
    932?Onboard?Measurement?Device????334
    94?Measurements?of?Elasticity?of?Contact?Lines339
    95?Measurement?of?Pantographs?and?Overhead?Contact?Line?Contact?Forces???341
    951?Basic?Principle?341
    952?Technical?Description?of?Measuring?Device???342
    953?Correction?of?Inertia?Force?of?Strip??345
    954?Correction?of?Aerodynamic?Force???346
    96?Measuring?Uplift?of?Contact?Wires?at?Registration?Points??347
    97?Measurement?of?Contact?Line?Temperatures?349
    Brief?Summary???352
    REFERENCES353
    INDEX???355
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  2. 吳積欽,工學博士。1988年畢業于西南交通大學鐵道電氣化本科專業,其后留校任教至今,現為西南交通大學副教授。長期從事受電弓與接觸網系統基礎理論研究,參與中國鐵路接觸網的設計、施工與運用維護

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